November 16, 2005

4: Jane's men

Jane Austen essentially created the chick lit genre. We all know the formula – girl meets guy, girl falls in love with guy, guy breaks her heart, girl meets nicer, better-looking guy with more money and they live happily ever after. Obstacles abound in Austen’s stories – lack of money on the part of the otherwise lovely heroine, meddling family members who pull lovers apart because they disapprove the match – but these things are always overcome by the abundant worth of two good people who truly love each other.

The love stories in Austen’s own life echo these themes, but without the “happily ever after” ending. She may have loved, but never married. You could say her love life was a comedy of errors, if it weren’t also a bit tragic, and terribly scant. But there seem to have been a few significant men in Austen’s life.

The first – her young love – was Tom Lefroy. Jane was twenty. Tom was visiting from Ireland, and was the nephew of Austen’s good friend and mentor Anne Lefroy. They danced and Jane flirted. The attachment was mutual, but he was quickly sent home, married someone with an appropriately large fortune, had seven children, and went on to become Lord Chief Justice of Ireland. If Jane wrote about family interference, she learned it firsthand.

Then there was Revd. Samuel Blackall, a somewhat ridiculous clergyman her friend Anne hoped she would form an attachment with (perhaps a model for Mr. Collins?). Jane could never see him as anything but slightly ridiculous.

The next significant relationship was a man from the neighborhood, Harris Bigg-Wither, the younger brother of Jane’s good friends. He was an excellent and prudent match, set to inherit a good estate. He proposed one night when Jane and her sister Cassandra were visiting. She accepted him, then apparently stayed up much of the night reconsidering, withdrew her consent in the morning, and hastily left the house in disgrace. Apparently, there was money, but no love, and for Jane, that would never do.

There are rumors of another, of a man Jane and her sister met when vacationing in Devon. He expressed some interest which Jane apparently returned. But though the sisters expected to hear from him, they only received news of his death. The tour guides may tell you that he was a clergyman, that he was expected to pursue this relationship, that Cassandra thought he would be successful if he did pursue. The biographers say only that Cassandra recalled him later in life, that they met him one summer and he asked to see them the next summer (which doesn’t sound terribly promising) and then he died.

Cassandra’s own fiance died of fever in the West Indies, and the two sisters were widely thought to have rushed themselves into middle age, seemingly content and determined to remain spinster aunts to all of their brothers’ many children.

Perhaps if Jane had married, home life and children would not have left enough time to write, and she would have never given us Elizabeth and Darcy, Emma and Mr. Knightley, Anne and the dashing Capt. Wentworth.

Austen’s brother and nephew make light of these romantic experiences, praising Austen’s incredible imagination and proclaiming that her heart was never touched. But no woman who has fallen in love at twenty or contemplated marrying a man she didn’t truly love can believe that Jane was emotionally removed from these situations. They may seem small and unimportant, but in her life, they were cornerstone events, things that determined the course of her life.


Blogger Elizabeth Kerri Mahon said...

Lori, found your blog through the Austen blog. Have you ever taken the NYU course they offer at Oxford? It's a week on Jane Austen. I've always wanted to do it. I look forward to reading more installments. Agreed with you also about the new P&P.

11/17/2005 01:32:00 PM  
Blogger Lori said...

Thanks, Elizabeth. I've not done the NYU course, but it sounds great. I loved Oxford. Highly recommend it!

11/17/2005 06:19:00 PM  

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